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George Washington's Generals & Freemasonry

The purpose of this webpage is to present information about which of the Generals in George Washington's Continental Army were Freemasons.

Please feel free to contact me with information, suggestions, or corrections about the information on this site. You can contact me by clicking on my name: Paul M. Bessel

Generals of the Continental Army, under George Washington

Name

State or Country

Masonic Membership, if any

William Alexander New Jersey no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
Charles T. Armand  France not a Mason
John Armstrong  Pennsylvania not a Mason
Benedict Arnold  Connecticut Major General, deserted to the enemy in 1780 and fought against the United States
Affiliated with Hiram Lodge No. 1 in New Haven, Connecticut, 1765 - not clear where he became a Mason
George Clinton  New York not a Mason
James Clinton   New York Brigadier General, Brevet (honorary) Major General
Member of Warren Lodge No. 17, New York
Thomas Conway   France not a Mason
Elias Dayton New Jersey Brigadier General
Member of Military Lodge No. 19, AYM, under Pennsylvania, 1780
Prud'Homme DeBorre  France not a Mason
Philip DeCoudray  France not a Mason
Matthias A.R. DeFermoy  France not a Mason
John P. DeHaas  Pennsylvania not a Mason
John Baron DeKalb Bavaria no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
Frederick W. DeWoedtke Prussia not a Mason
Louis L. DuPortail  France not a Mason
Joseph Frye Massachusetts Brigadier General
Not clear where or when he became a Mason, but GL of Massachusetts lists him as being a Mason
Christopher Gadsden South Carolina not a Mason
Horatio Gates Virginia no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
Mordecai Gist Maryland Brigadier General
Member of Lodge No. 16, Baltimore, 1775, later Grand Master of South Carolina 1791
John Glover Massachusetts Brigadier General
Charter Member of Philanthropic Lodge, 1760
John Greaton Massachusetts Brigadier General
Not clear where or when he became a Mason, but visited Masonic lodges, officer of Masters Lodge, Albany, 1779
Nathanael Greene Rhode Island MSA (Masonic Service Association) says he was a mason, as do his descendants
Edward Hand  Pennsylvania Brigadier General, later Major General
Master of Military Lodge No. 19
William Heath Massachusetts no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
James Hogun North Carolina Brigadier General, taken prisoner in Charleston 1780 and died in captivity 1781
Member of Royal Arch Lodge No. 3 in Philadelphia, 1779
Robert Howe North Carolina no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
Isaac Huger South Carolina not a Mason
Jedediah Huntington  Connecticut not a Mason
William Irvine  Pennsylvania no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
Henry Knox Massachusetts Major General, later Commander in Chief of the Army and later Secretary of War
Not clear where or when he became a Mason, but he visited Masonic Lodges and Grand Lodges
Marquis de LaFayette  France Major General (last surviving General of the Revolutionary War when he died in 1834)
No documentary evidence shows where or when he became a Mason, but he said he was, presented himself, and was universally accepted as a Mason, visited numerous Masonic lodges
Ebenezer Learned Massachusetts not a Mason
Charles Lee Virginia not a Mason
Andrew Lewis Virginia not a Mason
Benjamin Lincoln Massachusetts Major General, later Secretary of War
Became a Mason in Lodge of St. Andrew, Boston, 1781, and attended Grand Lodge meetings
Alexander McDougall  New York not a Mason
Lachlan McIntosh Georgia not a Mason
William Maxwell New Jersey Brigadier General
Member of Military Lodge No. 19, AYM, under Pennsylvania warrant
Hugh Mercer Virginia Brigadier General, died of wounds at Princeton, 1777
Became a Mason in Fredericksburg Lodge No. 4, 1767, later Master of that Lodge
Thomas Mifflin  Pennsylvania not a Mason
Richard Montgomery  New York Promoted to Major General just before he was killed in Quebec in 1775
Presumed to have been a member of Lodge of Unity, No. 18, under Irish Registry in the 17th Regiment of Foot - he was accepted by his contemporaries as being a Freemason
James Moore North Carolina not a Mason
Daniel Morgan Virginia no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
William Moultrie South Carolina no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
Peter Muhlenberg Virginia Brigadier General, Brevet (honorary) Major General
Member of Royal Arch Lodge No. 3, Philadelphia, 1779
Francis Nash North Carolina not a Mason
John Nixon Massachusetts Brigadier General
Not clear where or when he became a Mason, but he visited Masonic lodges and was considered a Mason by his contemporaries
Samuel H. Parsons  Connecticut Major General
Became a Mason in American Union Lodge, 1776 - Master of that lodge 1779 and of St. john's Lodge No. 2, Middletown, Conn., in 1783
John Paterson Massachusetts Brigadier General, Brevet (honorary) Major General
Charter member of Berkshire No. 5 Lodge in Stockbridge, 1777
Enoch Poor New Hampshire no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
Casimir Pulaski Poland no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
Israel Putnam  Connecticut One of the 1st 4 Major Generals appointed, and the only one to serve throughout the Revolutionary War
Became a Mason at Crown Point in a military lodge in 1758, visited some Lodges, buried with Masonic honors in 1790
Rufus Putnam Massachusetts Brigadier General
Made a Mason in American Union Lodge, 1779, Master in 1794
James Reed New Hampshire not a Mason
Arthur St. Clair  Pennsylvania Major General, later President of the Continental Congress, 1787, and 1st Governor of Northwest Territory, 1789-1802
Petitioner for charter of Nova Caesarea Lodge No. 10 in Cincinnati, 1791, and Masonic monument erected over his grave
Philip Schuyler  New York no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
Charles Scott Virginia not a Mason
William Smallwood Maryland no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
Joseph Spencer  Connecticut not a Mason
John Stark New Hampshire Brigadier General, Brevet (honorary) Major General
Made a Mason in Masters Lodge, Albany, 1778
Adam Stephen Virginia not a Mason
Frederick W.A. von Steuben Prussia Major General
Made a Mason in Germany, became a member of Trinity Lodge No. 10 (now 12) in N.Y., later affiliated with Holland Lodge No. 8
Lord (Alexander) Stirling New Jersey no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
John Sullivan New Hampshire Major General, later Governor of N.H.
Member of old St. John's Lodge, Portsmouth, N.H., 1767, 1st Grand Master of New Hampshire, 1789-1790, resigned because of ill health in 1790
Jethro Sumner North Carolina Brigadier General
Held offices in Blandford Bute Lodge in N.C., 1766
John Thomas Massachusetts not a Mason
William Thompson  Pennsylvania Brigadier General
Member of Royal Arch Lodge No. 3, Philadelphia, 1778
James M. Varnum Rhode Island Brigadier General
Not clear where or when he became a Mason, but he visited Masonic lodges and was accepted as a Mason, and buried with Masonic honors
Artemas Ward Massachusetts no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
George Washington Virginia Mason in the Lodge at Fredericksburgh (now Fredericksburg Lodge #4), Virginia, later appointed but did not actually serve as 1st Master of Alexandria Lodge #22 under its Virginia Charter, 1788-1789
Anthony Wayne  Pennsylvania no supporting evidence that he was a Mason
George Weedon Virginia Brigadier General
Made a Mason in Port Royal Kilwinning Cross Lodge No. 2, 1757, affiliated with Fredericksburg Lodge No. 4, 1767
Otho H. Williams Maryland Brigadier General
Made a Mason in American Union Lodge, at Roxbury Massachusetts, 1776, later an officer in Maryland Lodge No. 27, 1780
William Woodford Virginia Brigadier General
Member of Fredericksburg Lodge No. 4
David Wooster  Connecticut Brigadier General, died of wounds 1777
Presumed to have been made a Mason in a military lodge in Louisbourg, Charter Master of Hiram Lodge No. 1 in New Haven, the 1st Lodge in Connecticut, 1750
SUMMARY   74 men were commissioned as Generals in the U.S. Continental Army from 1775 through 1783
33 (46%) were Freemasons

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